Messages of Hope

The wall of separation

Published / by Sandy

Rev Sandy Boyce is a member of the national EAPPI Committee (Ecumenical Accompaniment Programme in Palestine and Israel). This is a program of the World Council of Churches that supports volunteers living in the West Bank for 3 months. They offer a protective presence to vulnerable communities, and monitor and report human rights abuses. The volunteers join Palestinians and Israelis who work in nonviolent ways for peace and support the local churches. The hope is that the occupation of Palestine will end and both Palestinians and Israelis can enjoy a just peace with freedom and security based on international law. Several Australians have served as EA’s over the last few years.

crane

News in April has not been good, with Palestinian Christians facing more loss of land. Bir Ouna Issa al Shatleh explains about the construction of the Separation Barrier on his land (report from World Council of Churches, 27 April 2016):
A crane began lowering 12-meter concrete slabs into place in the Cremisan Valley, near Bethlehem in occupied Palestine on 6 April, marking the final phase of construction of an extension to the Israeli separation barrier. The World Council of Churches, through its Ecumenical Accompaniment Programme in Palestine and Israel (EAPPI), has been alongside the affected Palestinian community in the valley, both Christian and Muslim, throughout their legal struggle to stop the construction. If the wall route goes ahead as planned it will separate 58 Christian families from their land in the Cremisan valley. The area is known for its refined olive oil and now the community has lost more than half its olive trees to the building of the wall. The loss of this essential source of livelihood could have a devastating economic impact on this community, and is a new obstacle to economic and social development in the town of Bethlehem

Just a year ago, it seemed like a good day for Palestinians and for Christians in the Holy Land: “The Israeli Supreme Court ruled against plans by the Israeli military to take 75% of the convent’s land in the Cremisan Valley, surround it on three sides by the 12m high separation barrier, divide it from the neighbouring monastery, deprive 58 Palestinian Christians of their land and prevent over 400 families from accessing their land without a permit. However, just 4 months later, the Israeli courts ruled that their decision only applied to plans affecting the monastery and convent and not to the other landowners.” (Katherine, a British EA currently serving with EAPPI in Bethlehem).

prayers

Days after that court decision, the Israeli military arrived without warning to uproot the 1000+ year-old olive trees in the valley in advance of the barrier’s construction. They came while daily ecumenical prayers were taking place among the olive trees, organized by local churches to protest at the illegal confiscation of their land and pray for protection for the trees. A Methodist minister present described how they continued around the destruction: “Normally when we say the Lord’s Prayer together in English and Arabic, those saying it in English finish first. But on this day as we prayed while bulldozers uprooted olives trees that were older than the time of Christ, no one was able to finish the words of the prayer, we were so overcome with sadness.”

trees

Landowners held regular peaceful protests and local churches held regular services on the site in August and September 2015 to draw attention to the confiscation of the land. But after the Israeli military used teargas to disperse those gathering for the services, the organizers felt they could no longer continue.

Following a legal appeal by the affected communities, on 30 January 2016 an Israeli court ruled that construction could continue for security reasons. The ruling contradicted the International Court of Justice’s 2004 Advisory Opinion which stated that construction of the barrier on Palestinian land breached article 53 of the Fourth Geneva Convention and could not be justified for security reasons.

“Throughout February, March and April we have seen construction of the barrier happen before our eyes,” Katherine says. “But nothing prepared me for the impact of seeing those first concrete slabs go in and divide the valley in two. It is not until you stand under them that you experience the fear and separation the wall creates”.

Issa, a Palestinian Christian and one of the landowners whose olive trees were destroyed, told Katherine of his concern that the extension of the separation barrier would speed up the already increasing emigration of Christians from the Holy Land. “We are the living roots and soon there will be no Christians left in the birth place of Christ,” he said.

The Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem has publicly expressed its “profound disappointment” over the continuation of the construction work, calling it “a violent offense against the peace process”.

The WCC’s Ecumenical Accompaniment Programme in Palestine and Israel is urging Christians around the world to write to their elected representatives and foreign ministers asking them to put pressure on the government of Israel to:

  • immediately stop the construction of the separation barrier through the Cremisan Valley,
  • dismantle the sections of the barrier already constructed on all occupied Palestinian territory, and
  • replant the uprooted olive trees and compensate farmers who have lost their trees.

Perhaps you might consider contacting your Federal politician and the Department of Foreign Affairs about this situation? You might like to find out more about EAPPI, or even consider being an EA for 3 months?

wall